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How much does a baby eat?



The baby`s diet is probably the biggest concern of a new mother. There will always be questions like: “Did my baby eat as much as he needed?”, “Is he full?”, “When is he going to have the next meal?” All these questions have no exact answer because each baby eats a different amount of food.

The required amount of food for a baby differs, being influenced by several factors such as:

  • How active the baby is from the physical point of view
  • Baby`s stage of development
  • Air temperature
  • Air humidity

In order to find out if your baby is full or not, you should pay attention to some signs. For example, after a copious meal, the baby seems satisfied and relaxed, and even rewards you with a smile. Moreover, if you notice that your baby continues to gain weight, then you can relax, this being a clear sign that the baby is properly fed. Being a new mum, you may sometimes give the baby more food than he needs. When he is full, he refuses food or he can even vomit if he is forced to eat more.

As I said, the weight of the baby is a sign of being properly fed or not. For example, during the first month of life, the baby gains between 150-300 grams a week, during the second and the third month he can gain maximum 240 grams per week, between the third month and the sixth month he can gain 100-135 grams per week, and when the baby is 6 to 12 months old he gains up to 90 grams per week.

If you feed your baby with powdered milk, there is a way to calculate the amount he needs for his body. All you have to do is multiply 70 grams of milk with every 500 grams of baby weight. For example, if your baby weighs 3.5 kilograms, the required amount of food will be 490 grams of powdered milk per day.

Below we`ll  see the characteristics of  a baby’s diet in each month of life during the first year, and how the necessary amount of food is different from one month to another.

Baby`s diet during the first month of life

In the first month, babies tend to eat very often, usually every 3 or 4 hours. You do not have to worry even if your baby wants to eat even more often, every hour or every 2 hours. You will notice that, at least in the first month of life, the newborn will spend most of his time nourishing and resting.

There is no exact answer to the question “How much should a baby eat?” Some doctors claim that babies should be fed every three hours, while other doctors claim that babies should be fed every time they want. One important thing to do in the first month is to keep a close eye on your baby’s weight to make sure he or she is gaining weight. Moreover, make sure that the newborn urinates frequently (at least 6 times a day) and has an average of 3 stools a day, this being the best sign that the baby is properly fed.

Diet for 2- month- old baby

In the second month of life, the baby has already developed routines regarding feeding and sleeping time and you can easily know when your baby should be fed. It`s hard to estimate the amount of milk a baby eats a day because it is different for each baby. The important thing is to know that the baby usually eats until he is full and he starts crying when he feels hungry. At night, the baby wakes up when he is hungry. Under no circumstances you should wake him up to breastfeed him, if he doesn`t ask this.

As they grow up, babies begin to reduce the number of meals while the amount of milk at a meal increases.  If the baby is fed with powdered milk, it is recommended to receive at least 600 milliliters a day (if the baby weighs 4.5 kilograms).

Diet for 3 month old baby

During the first months, the baby’s habits aren`t very different in terms of diet. Most babies eat about 6-8 times a day. You shouldn`t measure the amount of milk the newborn eats every day in order to make sure he is fed properly (if you breastfeed him, measuring the amount of milk is just impossible). But there are some signs for you to be sure the baby is full. These signs are:

  • The baby is gaining weight (about 20-30 grams every day).
  • The baby is active; he is continuously growing and developing skills.
  • The baby eats at least 6 times and urinates adequately.
  • The baby seems pleased.

Diet for 4- month-old baby

Starting with the 4th month, the question of food diversification is to be considered.  When it comes to this aspect, opinions are also divided. There are doctors who claim that diversification should not begin until the baby is 6 months old and there are doctors who claim that it is possible, depending on each baby`s situation.

Anyhow, food diversification shouldn`t begin without the consent of a pediatrician.

Diet for 5 month old baby

As the months pass, the amount of food that a baby needs increases. For example, a 5-month-old baby needs about 1000 milliliters of formula milk or breast milk per day. At the same time, at 5 months, the frequency of meals decreases, the bay being fed every 4-6 hours.

If the pediatrician recommends starting diversification, you can start giving your baby a teaspoon of rice cereal mixed with milk once or two times a day.

Diet for 6- month- old baby

At the age of 6 months, it is recommended to diversify your baby’s diet. Depending on the behavior of the newborn, a diversification scheme will be concluded together with the pediatrician. It is recommended to introduce a new type of food every week and then carefully follow the baby’s reactions – if he or she tolerates it or develops an allergy.

When the baby is 6 months old, it is recommended to introduce approximately 100 milliliters of soup / day and 30 grams of meat / day. At this age, the baby already has a meal schedule; usually the baby has 5 meals a day.

Diet for 7- month- old baby

The amount of food that a 7-month-old baby requires is similar to that of a 6-month-old baby. Here’s what a baby should eat at 7 months:

5 meals of breast milk or powdered milk

1-2 cereal meals

1-2 fruit meals

1-2 vegetable meals

½ cup of yoghurt

One important thing to remember is that babies wake up 2-3 times a night to eat, at night meals generally consist of breast milk or powdered milk.

Diet for 8- month- old baby

The amount of food for an 8-month-old baby is not very different from the amount of food a 7-month-old needs, but often there are small meals instead of 2 small meals a day. Moreover, in the eighth month of the baby’s life, 60-120 milliliters of water or juice can be added, and a fruit meal and a vegetable meal will be added. Twice a week you can also add a hard-cooked egg yolk.

Diet for 9- month- old baby

At 9 months, the baby’s eating habits begin to change, and they begin to be more selective. For example, they begin to reject new foods and want to have control over food (they can start throwing food or playing with it). One important thing to remember, that shouldn`t scare you, is that the baby will start to spit out the food and to regurgitate it.

From the age of 9 months, the baby should have 5 meals a day, 3 main meals and 2 snacks.

Diet for 10- month- old baby

When the baby is 10 months old, his appetite increases, so the amount of food increases as well. All of these happen because the baby is more active, consumes more energy and needs more food. Starting with this month, you can add another snack to your baby’s food plan, and the portions size will change.

At the same time, starting with this age, you can give up the soft consistency of the meals and try to feed the baby with mashed fruits that will help him develop teeth and mastication muscles.

Diet for 11- month- old baby

The amount of food required by a baby’s body when he is 11 months old is similar to that of a 10-month-old baby. For example, a diet plan for an 11-month-old baby contains: 3-4 meals of breast milk or powdered milk, about 250 milliliters of water, 2 portions of cereals, 2 portions of floury foods, 2 portions of fruits, 2-3 portions of vegetables, 2-3 portions of proteins (meat), and 1 portion of dairy products.

Diet for 12- month- old baby

From the age of 12 months, the amount of food will increase according to the level of energy. In other words, the more active the child is, the more he will eat. Specialists claim that a 1-year-old child needs about 1,300 calories a day.

From the age of one year, the child can eat the same menu as the rest of the family with certain restrictions. For example, foods that are too fat, too sweet, too spicy or too salty will be avoided.

In conclusion, the amount of food that a baby needs is really different from one month to another, mainly because he is in a full development process. It is said that mothers know exactly what their babies need. So, you should start to understand his food-related signs, to notice what food preferences he has and what type of food he doesn`t like. Try to offer him as many nutritional options as possible, so that the baby can experience all sorts of foods. Last but not least, pay attention to your baby’s needs and learn to recognize that “hunger cry”.

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How do you recognize food allergies in diversification and what solutions do you have?



Food allergies, like other types of allergies, are an abnormal immune response to a specific factor. In the case of food allergies, there is an allergen in the diet. The body erroneously recognizes it as a threat and tries to fight it.

An allergy is often mistaken for food intolerance, which has nothing to do with the immune system – it is caused by the lack of a digestive enzyme, which makes the body unable to absorb certain ingredients. Most people cannot tolerate lactose because their bodies don`t produce lactase – the enzyme needed to digest milk constituents. Gluten, fructose and alcohol intolerance are considered to be common intolerances. Although the symptoms are similar, food intolerance is distinguished from food allergy. For a person with food allergy, even a small amount of product can trigger a severe allergic reaction, while the person intolerant may consume foods that are known to cause problems without any reaction.

Food allergies symptoms

The first symptoms of food allergies can be noticed even from the first weeks of life. These symptoms include colic, abdominal pain and regurgitation. The child may also have red cheeks and dry skin.

Children`s food allergies appear due to the fact that the digestive system is not yet fully operational and can not cope with all the ingredients in the food.  Children`s reactions to allergenic substances include regurgitation, colic, flatulence, constipation, diarrhea. Often, there can also be other symptoms such as respiratory diseases – nasal secretions, coughing, wheezing, snoring and skin problems (called atopic dermatitis).

Symptoms of allergy rarely occur at first contact with the product, often they appear only after repeated contacts, when a hypersensitivity to that particular allergen is formed. Any allergy, same as toxicity, causes a systemic reaction – it can happen not only in the gastrointestinal tract, but also on the skin or in the respiratory system.

Common symptoms include pruritus, urticaria, tingling of lips and tongue, throat swelling, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory disorders. An allergic reaction can be very violent – in severe cases it is associated with sudden drop in blood pressure and loss of consciousness and can lead to anaphylactic shock. Recognizing a food allergy is not easy. The medical history is very important, skin and blood tests are also considered to be very important. In challenging cases, provocation testing and samples from intestinal mucosa are helpful.

The most common allergens!

The most common allergy developed by children is food allergy. This is often caused by products of animal origin, unlike adult allergies, which are generally caused by products of plant origin.

In different parts of the world, there are sensibilities for different types of food. Often these products are the most popular in the area, such as rice in Japan or the Scandinavian cod. Allergies can often appear to additives, which are added to juices, wine, beer, seafood dishes and also to monosodium glutamate, present in spices, canned soup, packed meals and Chinese cuisine. Therefore, those who suffer from allergies should avoid highly processed foods. In theory, any product can lead to allergies, but the list of the most common allergens is short.

Milk, more specifically the protein present in milk, is the reason of most food allergies. Replacing cow’s milk with soy milk is not always a good solution, because soy protein is also a strong allergen. Goat or sheep milk are also not viable. Therefore, it is necessary to look for alternative sources of calcium, for example the meat. In 90% of the cases, children’s milk allergies disappears with age.

Eggs – it is difficult to fight with this type of allergy in children, because eggs are an indispensable ingredient in many products – cakes, pasta, soups, biscuits, various desserts. The most common allergy is to egg white.

Nuts – especially peanuts – are strong allergens, so strong that even a small amount can cause anaphylactic shock. Luckily, food manufacturers record information on packaging regarding this (e.g. “may contain traces of peanuts”). Much more difficult is in restaurants, where you have to ask if the ordered dishes contain peanuts. Children can also be sensitive to nuts, pecans, cashew and almonds.

Fish – in order to have an allergic reaction to fish, sometimes the child doesn`t even have to to eat fish: it is enough to smell or touch it (especially mackerel, herring, salmon). Symptoms can occur even after the baby ate meat of an animal fed with feed containing fishmeal. Sometimes fish allergy comes together with crustacean allergy.

Cereals – allergy to proteins found in wheat, rye, oats (not that much in rice) occurs in both adults and children. This type of allergy is hard to diagnose, for example, there are 20 kinds of proteins in wheat which are responsible for celiac disease and food allergies.

Fruits – the most allergenic are citrus and strawberries. Symptoms of this allergy include hives or itching. When you are allergic to citrus fruits you should also avoid the juice of these fruits. Kiwi, papaya and mango have allergenic properties as well.

What to do when the baby is allergic?

Children may be sensitive to all food components, but the most common allergy is to cow`s milk protein. Symptoms also occur in babies fed with breast milk and formula milk. In the latter case, the formula milk should be changed as soon as possible. Don`t do this alone, you should first see your pediatrician. Pay attention to the symptoms to see if there is any improvement. An allergy can`t be the reason for stopping breastfeeding! Just make sure you act a bit different from now on, but under no circumstances you should stop giving your baby breast milk.

The first step is changing your current diet. First you have to make a list with the foods you have to remove from your diet. Thus, from the mother`s menu you should take out the following: yogurt, kefir, milk, cream, cow cheese, Telemes. Lack of dairy products will lead to a lack of calcium, so it would be good if the mother, after consultation with the doctor, of course, receives calcium supplements. Dairy free diet will surely ease the symptoms of your baby, and in many cases will make them disappear completely.

But remember that you can develop allergies to other foods such as citrus fruits, walnuts, strawberries, tomatoes, celery, chocolate, eggs, fish. Therefore, carefully insert them into the baby’s diet and closely follow the child’s reactions. Every time you add or remove a food, notice the reactions. It would be good if you take notes about any symptom or changes in the baby`s behavior. Then, during a visit to the pediatrician, show him your notes.

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Tattoo – safe or unsafe when breastfeeding?



If you are one of the mothers who decided to have a tattoo right now – during breastfeeding – but you do not know exactly how this will affect your breast milk, you`ve found the right page. We`ll explain you everything.

Although there are different points of view, they all are linked to the period of time after you`ve had the tattoo.

In conclusion, is it safe for a breastfeeding mother to get a tattoo?

Well, getting a tattoo is a safe procedure with no repercussions for the breast milk.

Unlike some liquids or foods which are forbidden during breastfeeding, because they get into the blood and influence the quality of the milk, the ink used for the permanent drawing is harmless, and that’s because its molecules are too big to pass into the breast milk.

So, the baby will not be exposed to the ink used for the tattoo.

Why doesn`t everyone recommend it?

The risks of a tattoo for a baby and his mother`s health is brought up when it comes to what you need to do after getting a tattoo.

Two weeks after drawing the skin, the area should be treated in a certain way in order to heal nicely. Otherwise, there may be a risk of infection, which is also the reason why many people don’t recommend tattooing while breastfeeding, in some cases even the artists who perform the tattoo.

Also, another very important thing is to make sure that the needles used for the tattoo are disposable, unsealed in front of you.

These things are important whether you are breastfeeding or not, but even more important for a mother who feeds her child with breast milk. Diseases such as HIV or hepatitis can be transmitted and not only the mother can suffer, but also, in this case, the baby fed with breast milk. In HIV, the infection is transmitted directly to the mother’s milk, while hepatitis can be transmitted to the baby during breastfeeding if the nipple has wounds.

What should you do to avoid a tattoo infection?

If you’re sure getting a tattoo is what you want, any salon will give you instructions on what you should do after tattooing.

Basically, you need to take care of the area, to clean it with caution and use either a special tattoo cream or a pink Bepanthen product.

In the first 3 days, the area should be protected with food foil. The skin should be washed with warm water and shower gel, both in the morning and in the evening. After washing it, apply the cream. The same cream should be used for one week after you get rid of the food foil, 4-5 times a day.

NOTE! The food foil will create an unpleasant feeling, especially as the skin is sweating a lot.

Be careful about the signs of the infection. If the skin becomes red or it hurts in the area of the tattoo, it may be an infection and you need an antibiotic. Talk to your doctor and see what he advises you. However, even if he recommends you to take antibiotic, breastfeeding specialists advise you not to stop breastfeeding.

There have been controversial situations also regarding the mothers who are breastfeeding and they`ve got a tattoo before pregnancy. In this case, there shouldn`t be any discussion. The risks brought up are the infectious diseases mentioned above. However, given that most pregnant women perform specialized analyzes, including HIV and hepatitis tests, from the first trimester of pregnancy, sometimes even before pregnancy, tattoos should no longer raise doubts.

Removing tattoos, which is a laser procedure, is also safe for mothers and babies during breastfeeding.


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Baby`s constipation – what teas can you use?



Does your baby have problems with digestion and you don`t want to give him medicine? We`ll tell you which teas can help.

Teas for constipation

Constipation is an irritating and painful condition not only for adults but also for children. It is very difficult to see your baby suffering and crying because of this condition.

The main reasons that lead to constipation are usually the introduction of solid foods into the baby’s diet, intolerance or allergy to milk protein, high-fat dairy products, formula milk or dehydration.

Constipation should be regarded as a serious matter. American researchers concluded in a study that 25% of babies with constipation will have symptoms in adult life, fact that is worrying, as the symptoms of constipation considerably decrease the quality of life. At the same time, statistics show that male babies are more prone to constipation than girls. Also, babies fed with formula milk are more exposed to the risk of developing constipation than those who are breastfed. We should also consider the fact that introducing cow’s milk into the baby’s diet increases the risk of being constipated due to allergenic factors.

Signs that your baby is constipated

You should know from the beginning that breastfed babies may have more stools during one day (after each meal), but, on the other hand, they may not have a stool for a couple of days. That doesn`t mean he’s constipated. The situation is different when it comes to the babies fed with formula milk. They usually have at least one stool every day, and its absence for more than two days should be regarded as a problem. When the baby is constipated, he starts crying, pulls his legs towards his chest, turns red and is agitated. His abdomen will also be hard and firm.

In addition to classical methods of relieving the symptoms of constipation, there are also several teas that you can give to your baby to get rid of constipation.

Chamomile tea

Chamomile has an antiseptic and purgative effect, this being the reason why it has been used since ancient times to treat constipation. Chamomile tea can also be given to babies, but you do not have to sweeten it. Depending on your baby`s age, you also need to be careful about the amount you give him. For a baby, a couple of teaspoons of chamomile infusion should be enough.

Fennel tea

Fennel tea helps treat slow digestion and diseases such as gastrointestinal atony, bloating, difficult digestion, colitis and spastic constipation. For the babies with colic, the fennel tea will solve both problems. Same as for the chamomile tea, fennel tea is not sweetened and only a few teaspoons are given to the baby.

Mint tea

Mint has laxative and calming effects. That’s why mint tea can help the baby who has constipation. Prepare an infusion made of a teaspoon of fresh or dry herb that you leave to infuse for maximum five minutes. Decant the tea and give the baby some teaspoons. For babies, it is recommended not to be drunk in the evening.

Mouse-tail tea

This tea is known for its laxative effects. If you decide to give it to your baby, you should take great care of the amount you give him, but also of the amount of plant you use to prepare the infusion. For babies, it is recommended to use a teaspoon of dried plant for 250 ml of boiling water.


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